Among the hottest and most controversial issues in the world today is genetic engineering. With protests against Monsanto on May 25th in over 400 cities, people have shown that it is a topic they honestly care about. Largely, the stances are highly polarized with opponents saying it’s all cancer causing, poisonous, and environmentally dangerous and supporters saying it is wonderful, improving yield and making everyone except “anti-science” opponents happy.The problem with polarized positions is they
typically miss the reality of the issue and avoid talking about the overall facts. Polarized texts instead skip straight tothe evidence supporting their position. If it is “good” or “bad.?, but, in real life, I think it is important to lay out exactly what we are talking about before we try to say?The first question we have to address, before we talk about the potential and danger of genetic modification, is what exactly is genetic modification?
You can just skip the next 4 paragraphs if you want to avoid the science. Otherwise, I can advise continuing to read, using the sources I provide, or using a search engine.
Genetic Engineering – GMO
In the modern context we are talking primarily about the introduction of foreign genetic material, almost always coding for a protein, which are molecular workhorses capable of doing everything from binding with other proteins to changing what DNA is activated or otherwise not, to themselves performing reactions and either creating or breaking down molecules. This DNA is introduced into the genome through a double-strand break and insertion (what I call “splice-in”) into the genome.The origin of this inserted sequence,
or maybe even the improvement of an existing gene sequence, is attained through a number of different methods: all depending on the goal. It can entail homologous DNA recombination (meaning genes are mixed together, as in family shuffling), through non-homologous end joining (like incremental truncation for the creation of hybrid proteins aka ITCHY, with or without shuffling), through Error-Prone-PCR to induce random mutations in the gene (resulting in mutant sequences).Which means using existing techniques we’re often inserting a new piece of code, complete with its own regulatory mechanisms (transcription factors), into the cell and inducing a targeted insertion with endonucleases, something like Fok1, TAL-effectors, or CRISPR, and hoping this doesn’t accidentally alter any important regulatory or coding elements elsewhere within the cell. The tertiary (or inter-protein interactions) of the proteins being introduced are not fully characterized.
Genetic Engineering – GMO
But, current usage has not been sufficiently responsible in some cases, and in fact viral DNA containing an extra Cmvgene and promoter sequence (Gene VI) has recently been found in almost all GM crops. This seems to be able to activate transcription or expression of any cellular mRNA (Ryabova et al, 2002), meaning it can lead to the production of the wrong proteins. Gene VI also codes for a protein which does, among other things, suppress RNA silencing processes: it weakens the body’s reaction against viruses (Haas et al. 2008). Gene VI even makes plants less capable of defending against bacteria (Love et al. 2012). Unfortunately, this sequence was discovered in all of Monsanto’s transgene crops, and this, many years after they had already been approved in the US (Podevin & du Jardin, 2012).Now that we know what we are talking about, we can ask ourselves: is this safe? Well, is anything in science inherently safe or dangerous?
If any, precautions you take, it really all depends on what you are doing, how you are going about it, and what.I don’t think we can regard all genetic modification
as being equal. Huge successes in the realm of unicellular genetic modification have been seen, for instance using modified yeast to produce insulin or other molecules which would otherwise require complex industrial processes to create (for example in the realm of fuel alternatives). This use of genetic modification, isolated from the natural world,seems to only bring benefits and is unreasonable to oppose.Unfortunately, a lot of the efforts towards modifying multicellular organisms like plants have relied on genetic resistance to endocrine disruptors -disrupt metabolism and internal processes- or toxins. This means that their
usefulness and use depends on the simultaneous use of a chemical which will do ecological damage. These chemicals remove competition for the plants by killing anything lacking resistance-genes (for instance Glyphosate aka Roundup), they do this by destroying their metabolism. These chemicals are often, if not always, non-selective and thus will wreak havoc on the metabolism of anything unlucky enough to come into contact with these chemicals.This toxicity also includes mammals, with a highly questioned 2 year rat study showing a significantly higher death rate of 2-3x more than normal, liver congestions and necrosis were 2.5-5.5 times higher, tumor risk in males 4x higher, and more kidney deficiencies than normal. (Seralini et al, 2012). The paper has since been retracted, due to his choice of species and sample size.
The arguments used against this fact is that destruents (which are the most important part of the ecological cycle since they turn dead organic matter -with carbon- into inorganic -without carbon- material for plants to use) like
Earthworms, other and bacteria parts of the soil ecology, will adapt relatively quickly to this, that the effects are likely limited, and that the doses we consume of them in our produce are relatively small.But, none of those arguments are fully valid: only some destruents will adapt but many will invariably disappear from the soil at least temporarily (years), since none of these chemicals degrade quickly. This makes the soil less fertile for future generations.
Bt toxin plants are often mentioned -plants which produce their own insecticide- along with the statement that they have led to reduced pesticide use if that was not enough to convince us to avoid GM pest control. Now, to be truthful, the absolute worldwide use of insecticides has sunk since the introduction of Bt organisms. But, the overall use of pesticides and herbicides has continued to rise, especially as resistance develops in the “target” populations and making Bt less effective.Using these and similar chemicals likely contribute to the continued death of the bees: Colony Collapse Disorder, which currently wipes out approx 30-40% of colonies every year in the US (15% is acceptable at the end of winter). Of course, the disorder may also be related to the use of monocultures, which can be intensified by the use of total herbicides like Roundup. In the end, it is likely a mix of both the chemicals and the monocultures.Now, the thing is that these Bt toxins appear to not even be harmless to mammals (Portilho et al., 2013) and we need to ask ourselves about the ecological sense in creating something which cannot be eaten by the other organisms in the ecosystem. The actual mechanism of action of Bt is not even fully established, yet we are consuming it regularly?
Now, before we say that genetic engineering is inherently bad, there are in fact more responsible ways to use this technology even in the realm of multicellular organisms. A really good example is the “golden rice” which is rice with an added enzyme to produce beta-carotine (basically Vitamin A, which we cannot synthesize ourselves). The research was done relatively transparently, seed created and distributed at cost or for free. The rice is even shown to contain more vitamin A than spinach (Tang, 2012).
Meanwhile the World Health Organization advises the continuation of supplement programs instead of giving the people a way to produce the vitamins they need in their own soil. The anti-GM movement has also so far been largely inclined to oppose all genetic
lump and modification golden rice in with roundup-ready corn.Unfortunately, while Monsanto has the economic power to push their products through, even block labeling in certain nations (e.g the US, where despite public support for labeling, the senate blocked an amendment 71-to-27 which would have allowed states to label GMOs if they wanted to, on Thursday May 23rd, 2013) general suspicion of genetic engineering has led to the use of this rice also being opposed, despite the fact that no new chemicals would be needed in its use, and that the new gene actually has a beneficial ecological role.
We are being misled. The world is not
white and black, and we cannot lump an entire branch of science together with those abusing it. Luckily, the world may be open to waking up to this fact. Recent global protests have seen millions marching against Monsanto, not against genetic modification.
goals, responsibility and methods and transparency, as always the issues are goals. Companies like DuPont and Monsanto are not here to help the world’s farmers, they are not there to help feed us. The people making the decisions, as always in an LLC(Limited Liability Company), are not even responsible for any consequences they cause through the company’s actions. They even have personal interest in reducing transparency so they can hinder people from finding out about problems or mistakes for long enough that they can become filthy rich.They were producing poisons (including Agent Orange) since before they were working to supposedly feed the world.
They work very hard to try to discredit many of the studies I have linked in this article, but I encourage you to read the studies yourself. If anything, the fact the data is open for us all to see, and their methods of analysis, gives me more faith in them than in Monsanto, who has famously misrepresented and even falsified data in the past (e.g PCBs, Roundup) and has monetary interest in ignoring the warnings.Both a recent New York Times article and a Forbes rebuttal concentrated on the economic values of Monsanto’s crops, cherry-picking economic data. What is strange is how this discussion has been so railroaded into the realm of statistics instead of real world ecological and health consequences.
So, are GMOs bad? In my opinion, there are some wonderful applications for this technology that have little or limited risk for negative consequences. Meanwhile, the way the technology is being used at the moment, in tandem with dangerous chemicals, is obviously not acceptable. To make genetic engineering efforts, though it may be a good idea to not only forbid the patenting of genes, as some companies are trying to do in regard to the human genome: , and analysis, publicly available.methods and data Only then can we help insure that decisions are not being made independent of the data, to help prevent decisions being made only in light of the profit margin.
Recent research into the psychology of conspiracy belief has highlighted the importance of belief systems in the acceptance or rejection of conspiracy theories. We examined a large sample of conspiracist (pro-conspiracy-theory) and conventionalist (anti-conspiracy-theory) comments on news websites in order to investigate the relative importance of promoting alternative explanations vs. rejecting conventional explanations for events.
In accordance with our hypotheses, we found that conspiracist commenters were more likely to argue against the opposing interpretation and less likely to argue in favor of their own interpretation, while the opposite was true of conventionalist commenters.
However, conspiracist comments were more likely to explicitly put forward an account than conventionalist comments were. In addition, conspiracists were more likely to express mistrust and made more positive and fewer negative references to other conspiracy theories. The data also indicate that conspiracists were largely unwilling to apply the “conspiracy theory” label to their own beliefs and objected when others did so, lending support to the long-held suggestion that conspiracy belief carries a social stigma.
Finally, conventionalist arguments tended to have a more hostile tone. These tendencies in persuasive communication can be understood as a reflection of an underlying conspiracist worldview in which the details of individual conspiracy theories are less important than a generalized rejection of official explanations.
Conspiracy theories, defined as allegations that powerful people or organizations are plotting together in secret to achieve sinister ends through deception of the public (Abalakina-Paap et al., 1999; Wood et al., 2012), have long been an important element of popular discourse. With the advent of the Internet, they have become more visible than ever.
Although the psychological literature on conspiracy belief has a relatively short history, with most of the relevant research having been conducted only within the past twenty years, it has revealed a great deal regarding individual differences between those who generally believe conspiracy theories (whom we call “conspiracists”) and those who prefer conventional explanations (whom we call “conventionalists”). Conspiracy beliefs have been shown to be positively correlated with mistrust of other people (Goertzel, 1994) and authorities (Swami et al., 2010); feelings of powerlessness and low self-esteem (Abalakina-Paap et al., 1999); superstition, beliefs in the paranormal, and schizotypy (Darwin et al., 2011); a perceived lack of control (Hamsher et al., 1968; Whitson and Galinsky, 2008); a Machiavellian approach to social interaction (Douglas and Sutton, 2011); and openness to experience (Swami et al., 2010; but see Swami et al., 2011).
Jennifer Aniston was conceived in Sherman Oaks, California, to on-screen characters John Aniston and Nancy Dow. Her father is Greek, and her mother is of English, Irish, Scottish, and Italian drop. Jennifer put in a year of her youth living in Greece with her gang. Her family then moved to New York City where her guardians separated when she was 9…
Miley Cyrus is the little girl of nation vocalist Billy Ray Cyrus and his wife, Letitia Jean “Tish” (Finley). She has 5 kin – two relatives, a relative and a more youthful sibling and sister. Her original name is Destiny Hope, given to her by her guardians who trusted she would attain enormity. Her youth handle was Smiley…
Olga Kurylenko, a Ukrainian-conceived on-screen character and model, went from offering a cramped level to her auntie, uncle, grandparents and cousin to featuring as a Bond young lady inverse Daniel Craig. She was conceived Olga Konstantinovna Kurylenko on November 14, 1979, in Berdyansk, Ukraine, Soviet Union.
Jessica Biel, with her great looks and ability, has turned into one of Hollywood’s most looked for out performing artists. She was conceived in Ely, Minnesota, to Kimberly (Conroe) and Jonathan Edward Biel, who is a business specialist and GM laborer. Her set of relatives incorporates Austrian Jewish , Danish, English, German, and Swiss-German..
The skilled Milena “Mila” Markovna Kunis was destined to a Jewish family in Chernivtsi, Ukraine, USSR (now autonomous Ukraine). she has a more seasoned sibling named Michael. In the wake of going to one semester of school between gigs…
she is extremely delightful and hot on-screen character. she is constantly prepared to have strong scenes in motion pictures.
4. Alice Eve
Alice Sophia Eve was conceived in London, England. Her father is Trevor Eve and her mother is Sharon Maughan, both individual performing artists. She is the eldest of three kids. Eve has English, Irish and Welsh heritage. Her family moved to Los Angeles, California when she was youthful as her father attempted to split the American market. Notwithstanding, they came back to the United Kingdom when she was age 13…
Megan Denise Fox was conceived in Rockwood, Tennessee, to Gloria Darlene (Cisson) and Franklin Thomas Fox, a probation officer. Megan started her preparation in dramatization and move at age 5 and, at age 10, moved to St. Petersburg, Florida where she proceeded with her preparation and completed school. Megan started acting and displaying…
Olivia Wilde was conceived Olivia Jane Cockburn in New York City, to columnists Leslie Cockburn (née Leslie Corkill Redlich) and Andrew Cockburn. Her father is from a privileged British family, and her mother, who is American-conceived, has English, German, Irish and Manx lineage. Olivia was brought up in Washington…
Selena Marie Gomez was brought up in Grand Prairie, Texas, to Mandy Teefey, who is of part Italian plunge, and Ricardo Gomez, who is of Mexican drop and initially from New Mexico. Her guardians separated in 1997. Conceiving Selena at 16, her mother Mandy reviews living “paycheck-to-paycheck”…
One ever most prominent twist bowler in the history, Anil Kumble. he is the previous indian Captain. Has Best Bowling Performance Was Against West Indies in 1993, When He Got 6 wickets for Just 12 Runs. his execution positioned as No 9 in List of Best Bowling Figures in Odi’s.he is in main 10 Best Bowling Figures in ODI’s History
9. Stuart Binny – 6/4
Adolescent Indian All-Rounder Stuart Binny Became with ninth All Time Best Bowling Figure in ODI against Bangladesh seventeenth of June 2014. he help India to Defend a Low Total of 105 runs with his 6 for 4 Runs Performance, that was really Best Ever Bowling Figures for Any Indian Bowler in Odis. Binny Bowled just 4.4 overs 2 of them was lady, and dole out only four runs.
8. Winston Davis – 7/51
Previous West Indies Fast Bowler, Who repersented His National Team in 15 Tests and 36 Odi’s. Winston Davis has the record of eighth Best Bowling Figures in Odi’s. he got 7 wicket against Australia in 1983.
7. Aaqib Javed – 7/37
Aaqib Javed, the Former Pakistani Pacer has the seventh Best Bowling Figures in Odi’s. Aaqib got 7 wickets against india at sharjah, doling out only 37 runs. Aaqib’s 7/37 Bowling Figure Remained World Record from 1993 to 2000.
6. Waqar Younis – 7/36
One of the Greatest quick Bowler of All Time, Waqar Younis. His 7 wickets for 36 Runs Against England, is the sixth Best Bowling Figures in ODI Cricket History. He was famous for his yorkers bolls.
5. Muttiah Muralitharan – 7/30
Extraordinary of The Greatest “Muttiah Muralitharan” Bowled a Splinded Spell of Bowling Against India in Sharjah, Beating the World Record of Aaqib Javed. his Figure Still fifth Best Bowling Figures in ODI’s cricket history. Murlitharan has the world record of Most Wickets in ODI’s and Test Matches.
4. Andy Bichel – 7/20
Previous Australian Fast Bowler recorded fourth Best Bowling Figures in Odi’s, getting 7 wickets for only 20 runs against England in 2003. As England and Australia are great competitors so Andy Bichel played a vital role for his team.
3. Glenn Mcgrath – 7/15
Untouched Great Australian Fast Bowler Glenn Mcgrath Got 7 Nimibian Batsmen Out for only 15 Runs, this is the third best bowling execution by any bowler in ODI’s History. Glenn Mcgrath was a most dangerous bowler of his era.
2. Shahid Afridi – 7/12
Most Dangrouse Hard Hitter in The World, BOOM shahid khan Afridi got 7 wicket against west indies, in his comback amusement in late visit. afridi dole out only 12 runs in his spell. Shahid Afridi is a superb alrounder. He is also securing many records in batting.
1. Chaminda Vaas – 8/19
In 2001, Chaminda Vaas took 8 wickets for 19 runs against Zimbabwe, Making the History. his figure still the Best Bowling Figures in ODI’s. Now Chaminda Vass has been retired from international cricket but he is still on the top position.
Most mainstream news reports show only the above clip of the incident, claiming that the driver displayed a shocking disregard for human life. But to understand the motivations of the driver, one must look at what transpired before he drove into the crowd.
Extended Video Shows What Happened Moments Before The Driver Hit The Gas:
Bird’s Eye CCTV Footage:
The protesters certainly have a right to be on the streets, but was the driver also justified in his actions?
At first glance it looks like the driver simply took off without regard for human life. But, the extended video shows an angry mob gathering around the vehicle yelling, kicking his tail lights and banging on the car. The driver attempts to get away, but is met with another crowd in front of him as the crowd behind him continues to damage the car.
It was at this point that the driver decided it was time to get away.
Should the driver have stopped and let the mob continue to attack his vehicle?
Further, should the driver be charged with a hit and run in this instance?
Or, did he act in his own defense when he tried to exit a situation that was, from his perspective, bordering on the real possibility of injury or death?
Some people think of prepping as something that has an end point, an act that can be mapped out with a completion at the end. In actuality however prepping is not an act or even a group of acts; it is a lifestyle. Prepping is a mindset that you get into and use to guide your actions in everyday life and as such, some act of prepping should be taken every day.
You can do something every day to prep, all it takes is a little focus and with small daily steps you can build your prep into something you can rely on when the SHTF. While your schedule can be different, we planned out a single activity to focus on each day to help you get your prep in order and stay up to date. Other activities will obviously be added in, but having an activity planned each day can help you stay on track and get more done. By following a similar schedule, if anyone asks you “how did you prep this week” you can have a pretty huge answer.
Monday – Check your Lists
You should have a list for all of the major parts of your prep. From food stores, to the age of your water, to the amount of ammo on hand, to your latest bug out plans, lists are definitely your friend. Take a little time to review your lists each week to see what needs added to them, what needs removed because it’s done, and where you can improve.
Tuesday – Rotate Food Supplies
Food prepping isn’t a static activity. To keep things fresh and to make sure your body is used to the food you have saved up, you need to rotate food out on a regular basis. Not doing this means you’ll have expired food in your basement when the SHTF or that you’ll be throwing food away when you finally get around to checking it.
Take a little time this day and rotate food from your prep into your pantry and check expiration dates on both food and water.
Wednesday – Make Sure Gas Tanks Are Full
To be as ready as possible to leave on a moments notice, you should always have as much fuel in your vehicles as possible. If you’re not low enough to normally fill up, use this day as an excuse to do so and go top your tank off.
Check other fuel tanks this day too so you always know how much you have. Make note of any that are low and schedule a fill immediately.
Thursday – Check Home Security
This day might be the most important one of the whole week. Take 30-60 minutes and walk around your home and property to review your security. Check for broken windows, doors that may have been forced or attempted to be forced, and any cleaning or maintenance that is needed. Keeping things clean around your house is an important part of security, as it shows people you’re regularly in that area, so they should try somewhere else.
Go outside with your keys and try to break in. Check each window and door to see if any budge or could be easily broken. Doing this weekly helps you spot problems immediately and resolve them before someone else can use them.
Friday – Practice One Skill
A major part of prepping is learning new skills like starting a fire, building a shelter, or others like canning and sewing. Use this day to practice one of these skills or at least learn more about them. Devoting an hour or so this one day per week will give you a specific piece of time where you are solely learning and nothing else.
By doing this you’ll get far more done that you would imagine and ideally have many new skills if you ever end up needing them.
Saturday – Check Sales and Stock Up
Grab yourself an early edition of the Sunday paper and check for sales on anything you need for your prep. Look for food, water, camping equipment, and even ammunition and other sporting goods. These can all come in handy and probably already have a place on one of your lists.
When you find a few good sales, go out and do some shopping. Saving money means you can do more prepping, and more prepping means more security.
Sunday – Review Plans
For your day of rest, sit back and relax while checking your plans over. Like your lists, your plans should be reviewed weekly so you know what happens if a disaster strikes. This can include reviewing maps, weather, and overall plans for bugging in as well as bugging out.
If you have a family/children that you’re prepping with, this is a great time to review plans for fire drills and what to do in an emergency. Not only does this help your prepping, but it can help your family to know what to do in other emergencies as well, like fire and robbery.
What it all comes down to is taking small steps every day so by the end of each week you have succeeded in doing far more than you ever could in one day, even of you dedicate the entire day to it.
This list may not work for everyone, as we all have different work and family schedules, but make a schedule for yourself and stick to it. Following a daily schedule like this can help you build your prep and get things in order so you’re ready for whatever the world throws at you.
Brian Meyer is a technology nut who loves craft beer. Still a Boy Scout at heart, he believes in always being prepared. Brian believes the most importan
Cassius Methyl, MassReport | Did you know that studies showed the effectiveness of cannabis at killing cancer cells as long ago as 1974?
In 1974, a study from The Washington Post said that THC effectively “slowed the growth of lung cancers, breast cancers and a virus-induced leukemia in laboratory mice, and prolonged their lives by as much as 36%.”
The information was suppressed and people were incarcerated for up to decades for using or selling the harmless, absolutely miraculous medicine from 1974 to 1998 (and further on, as you know). In 1998, another study came outfrom Madrid’s Complutense University that indicated THC can cause cancer cells to die, and unlike chemotherapy the THC kills nothing but the cancer cells, leaving the brain of course completely unharmed.
Mindblowing Microscopic Footage of Cancer Cells Being Eliminated by Cannabis Oil
Just think about all of the people who died of cancer, or were paralyzed or injured in whatever way from chemotherapy.
Mindblowing Microscopic Footage of Cancer Cells Being Eliminated by Cannabis Oil
Aren’t we so much more collectively awake now? Our desire for prosperity and good health, and the frustration we should feel with the establishment and federal government for criminalizing cannabis and keeping secret this information is such a powerful fuel for the total legalization of cannabis in America.
With the idea that knowing this is fuel to motivate us to push for total cannabis legalization, please share this information with absolutely as many people as possible.
A high profile gay rights activist and Democrat fundraiser has been charged with sexually abusing a 15-year-old boy with his boyfriend.
Terry Bean, 66, co-founded two of the biggest national campaign groups and raised more than $500,000 for Barack Obama’s 2012 re-election bid.
He was arrested at his home in southwest Portland on Wednesday and indicted with two counts of third-degree sodomy and one count of third-degree sex abuse.
Bean’s lawyers insist he is the victim of an ’extortion ring’, which they claim involves several men ’known to law enforcement’.
The alleged incident involved a sexual encounter with a 15-year-old boy in 2013 in Eugene, Oregon, police said.
His ex-boyfriend, Kiah Loy Lawson, 25, was also arrested and charged, according to USA Today
Bean is a revered character among the gay rights activist community and with the Democratic Party, Oregon Livereports.
He helped to form the Human Rights Campaign and the Gay And Lesbian Victory Fund.
The trained broker was forced to defend himself earlier this year after his co-accused, Lawson, revealed Bean secretly filmed their sexual encounters. However, his lawyer Kristin Winemiller has lambasted claims he abused a teenage boy.